Want to learn more?  Please contact Keith Edwards, President & CEO.



1 Data available for reference

2 Ching, Hee Ay et al. “Effects of surface coating on reducing friction and wear of orthopaedic implants.” Science and technology of advanced materials vol. 15,1 014402. 7 Jan. 2014, doi:10.1088/1468-6996/15/1/014402

3 Abdeen, Dana H et al. “A Review on the Corrosion Behaviour of Nanocoatings on Metallic Substrates.” Materials (Basel, Switzerland) vol. 12,2 210. 10 Jan. 2019, doi:10.3390/ma12020210

4 Data available for reference


1 Johansson P, Jimbo R, Kjellin P, Currie F, Chrcanovic BR , and Wennerberg A. Biomechanical evaluation and surface characterization of a nano-modified surface on PEEK implants: a study in the rabbit tibia, Int J Nanomedicine. 2014; 9: 3903–3911.

2 Meers CM, Verleye GB, Smeets D, et al. Fine grained osseointegrative coating improves biocompatibility of PEEK in heterotopic sheep model. Int J Spine Surg. 2015;9:35.

3 Cao Y, Su b, Chinnaraj, Jana S, Bowen L, Charlton S, Duan P, Jakubovics NS, and Chen J, Nanostructured titanium surfaces exhibit recalcitrance towards Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm formation, Nature Scientific Reports (2018) 8 1071.


1 Sioshansi P: Tailoring surface proper- ties by ion implantation. Materials Engineering. 1987.

2 Oliver WC, Hutchings R, Pethica JB: The wear behavior of nitrogen- implanted metals. Metallurgical Transactions. 1984;15A:2221-2229.

3 J.E.. Barry, E.J. Tobin, and P. Sioshansi: Ion Implantation of Titanium Alloys for Improved Fretting Resistance, Surface and Coatings Technology, 51 (1992) 176-179.

4 Data available for reference

5 Piran Sioshansi, “Ion Implantation improves wear resistance of titanium,” Orthopedics Today, 10(6) 24- 26, June 1990.


Regarding data available for reference, please contact:
Keith Edwards, President & CEO
kedwards@n2bio.com   (201) 757-2512